Day-trip in Tallinn: Discovering Kadriorg and Pirita

ico-published Monday, 18 May 2009 kell 14:46


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I guess that I won’t lie if I say that this side of Tallinn is most beutiful place for spending your day… Beautiful parks, long way along the seaside and history mixed with nature – what else you want to know…

Getting to there is also really simple – you just need to take bus number 5 front of hotel to J.Poska bus stop and you directly get near to the Kadriorg Park…

KADRIORU PARK

Kadriorg Park is the most notable park artwork in Estonia.

The park was originally nearly 100 hectares in size, but is not preserved in its entirety.

Here you can come to have pcnic with friends or famility… Or having some relaxiation moments by walking around and feeling signs from different times.

One of the most popular places in the park is the symmetrical Swan Lake and its surroundings.  If you are travelling with kids then Swan Lake is must go place for you :)

Originally, the park included a dignified formal Italian-French garden on the other side of the Swan Lake from the road.

Only a small part of the large park was designed as a formal park in its time. Most of it was intended to preserve the look of the natural landscape, with meadows and forest groves, traversed by paths.

In 1722 alone, soldiers planted 550 trees in the park. In the interest of the rapid development of the park, fully grown trees were successfully replanted here. Some of the trees, especially the horse chestnuts, were supposed to be replanted in gardens in St. Petersburg later, but after the death of Peter I, this was forgotten, and the horse chestnuts stayed in Kadriorg.

Lining the promenade leading from the Swan Lake to the palace (Weizenbergi Street) are many of the palace’s auxiliary buildings. The restoration workshop of the Estonian Art Museum is currently located in the palace’s guesthouse and the park pavilion next door. Opposite the palace gates is a small guard house, followed by the palace’s kitchen building and ice cellar.

Kadriorg is famed for its impressive baroque palace and park complex built by Peter I, as well as the Estonian President’s residence.

KUMU Art Museum

The Kumu (KUnstiMUuseum) Art Museum is a modern multifunctional art building, which contains exhibition halls, a lecture hall offering diverse facilities, and an educational centre for young visitors and for art lovers. It is newest art museum in Estonia. Kumu Art Museum is situated on the limestone hillside between the Kadriorg Park and Lasnamäe district.

It contains:

  • Visitor service rooms
  • Exhibition halls
  • Auditorium
  • Education centre
  • Library and archive
  • Collection depositories
  • Restoration department
  • Work spaces and workshops

For more information please visit KUMU homepage here

WAY FROM KADRIORG TO PIRITA

If the weather is nice then I really suggest to have a nice walk from Kadriorg to Pirita… (of course if you are in hurry or weather is not enough nice then you can also take a bus…) You just need to keep yourself near the see and you will pass all the following places.

RUSSALKA

This striking sculpture of an angel facing out into the sea horizon is a memorial to the 177 men of the Russalka, a Russian military ship that tragically sunk while en route to Helsinki in 1893. The monument has become a famous Tallinn landmark, and a traditional spot for Russian couples to lay flowers on their wedding day.

TALLINN SONG FESTIVAL GROUND

I guess that there is not so many nations who have tried to get their freedom by singing… 1988 there happened several night song festivals where people came together and sang national songs. Nowadays it doesn’t seems nothing special but during soviet occupation it was quite a crime – and still more than 100 000 people came together… You can read more about Singing Revolution from wiki.

The Tallinn Song Grounds, built in 1959, host a multitude of popular events through the year. The Song Grounds are famous primarily as the location of the massive national Song Festival, which takes place every five years, drawing together 25,000 singers and 100,000 spectators. The Song Grounds Light Tower is open for anyone who wants to climb up 42 meters to a magnificent view over Tallinn and the bay.

View to Old Town and Harbour from Pirita road. Take your camera with you :)

MAARJAMÄE CASTLE

Near the Pirita road you can find place what has really colourful history. It was built  somewhere 17th century as summer manor.

1811 Merchant Johan Gottlieb Clementz from Strietberg bought this house and made here Sugar Factory.

1837 he bankrupt and new owner was Christian Rotermann who started to produce there spirit and starch.

1873 it was bought by Russian Count Anatoli Orlov-Davõdov who rehabilitated house as summer manor again and builded here beutifult terrasces etc.

during 1932‘s was place used as restaurant.

1937 was builded there flying school.

1940 – 1975 During this period was building damaged a lot as it was used by Soviet Union army.

1975 it was given to Estonian Historical Museum and since then there have been done lot of renovation.

PIRITA CONVENT

History of the Pirita Convent in Tallinn

The history of the St. Bridget’s Convent in Tallinn – the Pirita Convent – dates back to XV century. The idea to found a convent in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, was initiated by some Tallinn merchants already in 1400.

In early 15th century when Pirita convent was built, Tallinn (Reval) had started to benefit from its privileged situation as a monopolistic transit trade point between east and west. During that medieval building boom in Tallinn town wall was reconstructed and many new towers built. In addition to Pirita convent also several other outstanding buildings, of which some have survived until nowadays, were built, including the new Town Hall in old town.

The traditional building materials in Estonia that time were limestone and timber. Because of the building boom the people who had decided to build St. Bridget convent in Tallinn, faced a shortage of building materials as well as lack of organisational skills. Despite the merchants Hinrich Huxer, Gerlach Kruse and Hinrich Swalbart and their supporters finally got the land for the convent on the right bank of the Pirita River, it took several more years to battle with many difficulties that had to be overcome before the construction of the convent finally started.

In 1407 two brothers from St. Bridget Order Convent in Vadstena, Sweden, had arrived to Tallinn to promote with advice and other assistance the expansion of order to Estonia. In 1417 finally the first limestone quarry permit was obtained from the town with the help of the Grandmaster of the Livonian Order and the building of the Pirita convent started. The completed church was consecrated on August 15, 1436 by Tallinn’s Bishop Heinrch II.

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TALLINN BOTANIC GARDEN

Tallinn Botanical Garden

Take a ten-minute drive from the city noise and discover the harmony of pure nature, landscape architecture, exotic plants, and local Estonian herbs – all this in the Tallinn Botanic Garden, in a picturesque place in the valley of the Pirita River. Thousands of different plants will surprise not only professional botanists but any person wishing to relax and enjoy nature.

LAST STOP: PIRITA VALLEY

Pirita Klint Valley, which separates the Lasnamägi Klint Plateau from the Iru Klint Peninsula, is nearly 10 km long and cuts up to 25 m deep into bedrock. Half a kilometre southeast of Vana-Narva Road, in a meander of the Pirita River, which breaks through the edge of the klint plateau here, there is Iru Fort Hill. This was the location of a fortified settlement of ancient Estonians in the 7th–5th century BC and in the 5th–10th century there was also a fortress here, which was burned down at least five times before its inhabitants moved finally to Toompea Klint Island.


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